JEAN-CLAUDE JUNCKER

 

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PRESIDENT - Jean-Claude Juncker



Jean-Claude Juncker (born 9 December 1954) is a politician from Luxembourg who since 2014 has been President of the European Commission, one of the main institutions of the European Union.

From 1995 to 2013 he was the 23rd Prime Minister of Luxembourg, and from 1989 to 2009 he was the Minister for Finances. By the time he left office, he was the longest-serving head of any national government in the EU, and one of the longest-serving democratically elected leaders in the world, his tenure encompassing the height of the European financial and sovereign debt crisis. From 2005 to 2013, Juncker served as the first permanent President of the Eurogroup.

In 2014, the European People's Party (EPP) had Juncker as its lead candidate, or Spitzenkandidat, for the Presidency of the Commission in the 2014 elections. This marked the first time that the Spitzenkandidat process was employed. Juncker is the first President that prior to the election has campaigned as a candidate for the position, a process introduced with the Treaty of Lisbon. The EPP won 220 out of 751 seats in the Parliament. On 27 June 2014, the European Council officially nominated Juncker for the position, and on 15 July 2014, the European Parliament elected him with a majority of 422 votes from a total of 729 cast. He succeeded Jose Manuel Barroso as President on 1 November 2014. Juncker stated that his priorities would be the creation of a digital single market, the development of an EU Energy Union, the negotiation of the Transatlantic Trade Agreement, the continued reform of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union—with the social dimension in mind—and a "targeted fiscal capacity" for the Eurozone, as well as to negotiate a new deal with Britain. During his leadership, Britain voted to leave the European Union in 2016.

The President is the head of the European Commission. According to the Treaties, he decides on the organisation of the Commission, allocates portfolios to members of the Commission and can make changes at any time. The President also determines the Commission's policy agenda, defending the general European interest. The President was elected by the European Parliament on the basis of his Political Guidelines that were formed drawing on his contacts with the parliamentary committees and the strategic guidelines for the Union presented by the European Council of 27 June 2014:

 

* A New Boost for Jobs, Growth and Investment

* A Connected Digital Single Market

* A Resilient Energy Union with a Forward-Looking Climate Change Policy

* A Deeper and Fairer Internal Market with a Strengthened Industrial Base

* A Deeper and Fairer Economic and Monetary Union

* A Reasonable and Balanced Free Trade Agreement with the U.S.

* An Area of Justice and Fundamental Rights Based on Mutual Trust

* A New Policy on Migration

* A Stronger Global Actor

* A Union of Democratic Change

 

The President of the Commission chairs their weekly meetings and sets its policy agenda. He represents the Commission in:

 

* European Council meetings

* G7 and G20 summits

* Bilateral summits with third countries

* Major debates in the European Parliament and the Council (with representatives of national governments)

 

 

 

 

The European Union established a Commission to act as their executive and to promote its general interests. The Commission is composed of the College of Commissioners comprised of 28 members, including the President and Vice-Presidents. The Commissioners, one from each EU country, are the Commission's political leadership during a 5-year term. Each Commissioner is assigned responsibility for specific policy areas by the President.

 

 

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Jean-Claude Juncker

President

Frans Timmermans

1st Vice President

Federica Mogherini

High Representative, V. President

Andrus Ansip

Vice President

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Maroš Šefčovič

Vice President

Valdis Dombrovskis

Vice President

Jyrki Katainen

Vice President

Günther H. Oettinger

Commissioner

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Johannes Hahn

Commissioner

Cecilia Malmström

Commissioner

Neven Mimica

Commissioner

Miguel Arias Cañete

Commissioner

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Karmenu Vella

Commissioner

Vytenis Andriukaitis

Commissioner

Dimitris Avramopoulos

Commissioner

Marianne Thyssen

Commissioner

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Pierre Moscovici

Commissioner

Christos Stylianides

Commissioner

Phil Hogan

Commissioner

Violeta Bulc

Commissioner

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Elżbieta Bieńkowska

Commissioner

Věra Jourová

Commissioner

Tibor Navracsics

Commissioner

Corina Crețu

Commissioner

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Margrethe Vestager

Commissioner

Carlos Moedas

Commissioner

Julian King

Commissioner

Mariya Gabriel

Commissioner

 

 

 

THE COMMISSION - Group photograph of the European Commissioners in 2017.

 

 

LINKS & REFERENCE

 

Role

Project team

Name

http://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/maritimeday/

https://ec.europa.eu/commission/commissioners/2014-2019_en

 

 

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