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INDEPENDENT FEB 2015 - The worlds oceans are being filled with enough plastic waste to thickly line every coastline in the world, according to the first detailed global assessment of the problem.
Scientists estimate that about 8 million tons of plastic debris such as food packaging and plastic bottles are being washed into the oceans each year and the cumulative quantity of waste will result in a tenfold increase in the total amount of plastic in the sea by 2020.
United Nation's sustainability
development goals (SDGs) now firmly place blue growth on
the 2030 Agenda, beginning with a 5 year period from 2018 to
TO A SUSTAINABLE BLUE
The Indian Ocean is a vital part of the economies, livelihoods and cultural identities of the States which border or lie within its boundaries.
Fisheries, offshore oil and gas,
tourism and maritime industries are already making a significant contribution to the economies of the Indian Ocean states. New opportunities are appearing in these established sectors and new emerging sectors which will require a cooperative approach to capture and exploit in a sustainable manner. The ocean does not recognise geopolitical boundaries and many of its ecosystems and much of its biodiversity are transboundary which can give rise to competitive exploitation.
We propose that continued, coordinated and proactive growth of the blue economies within the Indian Ocean need to be built upon principles of:
sharing of skills, data and knowledge;
integrated regional scale planning between nations;
adoption of marine-specific policies;
robust governance for industry and governments to work within and which the community understands and has confidence in its quality and operation and
collaboration between governments and industry, drawing upon the skills and capital of both of these sectors.
Together, these principles will enable Indian Ocean nations to build their critical mass in skills and grow their knowledge base that will underpin sustainable blue economic growth.
L Llewellyn (Australian Institute of Marine Science)
WASTE PROBLEM - The
above views of planet earth as global views show us the Indian
Ocean gyres and estimates of plastic waste in
(thousands) numbers of pieces of plastic waste per square kilometer
of sea. The Pacific
Ocean gyres are held to be the worst at the moment.
OCEAN RIM ASSOCIATION (IORA)
According to their website, the Blue Economy was recognised as a priority focus area at the 14th IORA Ministerial Meeting in Perth, Australia, on 9 October 2014. The
Blue Economy captured the attention of all IORA Member States due to its growing global interest and potential and for being recognised as the top priority for generating employment, food security, poverty alleviation and ensuring sustainability in business and economic models in the Indian Ocean. Considering its wide range of valuable resources, the Blue Economy is gaining increasing interest in IORA Member States that are all committed to the establishment of a common vision that would make this sector a driver for balanced economic development in the Indian Ocean Rim region.
Since 2014, several capacity building programmes have been carried out covering a wide range of areas, includinginter alia: fisheries and aquaculture; seafood processing, handing and storage; seafood quality and safety; seaport and shipping; maritime connectivity; and ocean forecasting. The First IORA Ministerial Blue Economy Conference (BEC) was held in Mauritius on 3 September 2015 where the Blue Economy Declaration was adopted. Reflecting on the global trends, this Declaration seeks to harness oceans and maritime resources to drive economic growth, job creation and innovation, while safeguarding sustainability and environmental protection.
With the new challenges that the Blue Economy sector is facing, IORA is striving to promote this important sector as a driver for sustainable development; research and development; investment, technology transfer, with capacity building being crucial in exploring the full potential of the oceans for the socio-economic benefit of the region.
Indian Ocean Rim Association
3rd Floor | Tower I | NeXTeracom Building
Cybercity | Ebene | Republic of Mauritius
Phone: +230 454 1717 | Fax : +230 468 1161
H.E. K V Bhagirath (Mr)
Phone: +230 454 6715
H Graham Anderson (Mr)
Director (South Africa)
Phone: +230 454 1717
Firdaus Dahlan (Mr)
Phone: +230 454 1717
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