UN - CLIMATE CHANGE COP 21 2015
COP THAT - The United Nations Climate Change Conferences are yearly conferences held in the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). They serve as the formal meeting of the UNFCCC Parties (Conference of the Parties, COP) to assess progress in dealing with climate change, and beginning in the mid-1990s, to negotiate the Kyoto Protocol to establish legally binding obligations for developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. From 2005 the Conferences have also served as the "Conference of the Parties Serving as the Meeting of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol" (CMP); also parties to the Convention that are not parties to the Protocol can participate in Protocol-related meetings as observers. From 2011 the meetings have also been used to negotiate the Paris Agreement as part of the Durban platform activities until its conclusion in 2015, which created a general path towards climate action. The first UN Climate Change Conference was held in 1995 in Berlin.
2015: COP 21/CMP 11, Paris, France - United Nations Climate Change Conference and Paris Agreement
THE PARIS AGREEMENT
The Paris Agreement (Accord de Paris), Paris climate accord or Paris climate agreement is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) dealing with greenhouse gas emissions mitigation, adaptation and finance starting in the year 2020. The language of the agreement was negotiated by representatives of 196 parties at the 21st Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC in Paris and adopted by consensus on 12 December 2015. As of November 2017, 195 UNFCCC members have signed the agreement, and 170 have become party to it. The Agreement aims to respond to the global climate change threat by keeping a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
COP OUT - Was all the hard work of John Kerry a feint during the Obama administration to cajole an international commitment that the USA had no intention of following through? We doubt that very much. More likely is that Hicksville greed took hold as US citizens during the last election as they grasped this opportunity to preserve their oil guzzling, fast food, lifestyles for another four (or maybe eight) years, at the expense of the more responsible countries who made pledges they believe in. In our view that is short term-ism that is likely to rebound on the United States in terms of energy security in particular, but may also have a world trade deficit if such a thing as Carbon Tax Analysis Certificates were applied to goods produced anywhere in the world, such that energy used in production became a buying and transportation license issue. If that were the case, the US might have difficulty exporting cars such as Jeeps, and munitions. Not that that would be a bad thing for the arms trade. Anything produced in such a high carbon emitting country could become difficult to sell internationally - with potential bans on transporting climate unfriendly products.
The UNFCCC secretariat is located at two different locations.
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