UN - CLIMATE CHANGE COP 25 2019, CHILE
TIME FOR ACTION - La Presidencia de Chile, Sebastián Piñera. Chile presentó de forma oficial este jueves la Cumbre del cambio climático (COP25), que se celebrará en diciembre próximo, en un acto en el que la ministra chilena Carolina Schmidtz pidió trabajar juntos de la acción climática porque es #TiempoDeActuar.
SIX STEPS TOWARD A COOLER PLANET
1. TRANSPORT: Phase out polluting vehicles. Governments aims to end the sale of new petrol, and diesel vehicles by 2040 but have no infrastructure plan to support such ambition. Marine transport can be carbon neutral.
3. HOUSING: On site micro or macro generation is the best option, starting with new build homes.
4. AGRICULTURE: We need trees to absorb carbon emissions from a growing population, flying, and to build new homes. Reducing food waste and promoting less energy intensive eating habits such as no meat Mondays.
5. INDUSTRY: Factories should be aiming for solar heating and onsite renewable energy generation.
6. POLITICS: - National governing bodies need to adopt rules to eliminate administrative wastages, to include scaling down spending on war machines, educating the public and supporting sustainable social policies that mesh with other cultures.
- Hoy los diputados RN Catalina del Real y Eduardo Durán participaron junto al Presidente Sebastián Piñera.
2019: COP 25/CMP 15/CMA 4 TBA
FOR ACTION! - The COP decided at its 24th session that COP 25 will take place in Chile and requested the Bureau to decide on the dates of the sessions.
TIMES DECEMBER 5 2018 - Climate crusading schoolgirl Greta
Thunberg pleads next generation's case -
KATOWICE (AFP) - By the time 15-year-old Greta Thunberg is 45,
tens of millions of people are expected to have fled their
homes as climate
change unleashes a maelstrom of extreme weather, crop
failures and devastating forest fires.
"It's us who are going to live in this world. If I live
to be 100 I will be alive in 2103 and that is a long time in
the future," she told AFP at the COP24 climate talks.
"We will have to live with the mess that older
generations have made. We will have to clean it up for them.
That is not fair."
Greta and her actor father Svante are at the COP24 talks in
the Polish mining city of Katowice to call on lawmakers to act
now for the good of future
generations. And they want everyone else to do their bit.
After learning about the impacts of people's carbon emissions,
Greta insisted that her family become vegan and give up
What do I need to do the procedure?
Present a passport issued by the corresponding authority of the country of origin, valid for longer than the visa application deadline. Four passport-size photographs without a caption or RUT Proof of economic solvency during your stay in Chile Letter of invitation from a natural person or a company in Chile Hotel reservations when you do not have a contact person in Chile.
• Compliance with these requirements does not compromise the granting of the visa.
What is the validity?
The maximum term is 90 days, however, it will depend on the country. For more details, see the maximum.
To enter Chile as a tourist you have to take into account the following:
Those from countries with diplomatic relations with Chile
GRETA THUNBERG - is a Swedish climate activist. At the COP24 climate talks in Poland, Decembel 2018, Miss Thunberg addressed the Secretary-General of the United Nations. She received a standing ovation for one of her talks. She is behind the global school strike created to call attention to climate change. She is a rebel. With a cause. Thunberg is 15 and autistic and the newest, youngest and most powerful voice on the world stage demanding the world address global warming. Go Greta!
WILL THERE HAVE BEEN ANY REAL AND MEASURABLE PROGRESS IN 2019 ?
That is the burning question. We owe it to our children to put the brakes on the uncontrolled use of fossil fuels. All over the world schools are experiencing strike action in protest at the inaction of the United Nations members to get their act together. We need to turn the ship and we have a very small rudder. When the captain of the Titanic spotted the iceberg that sank the White Star Line's most famous ship, he tried to avoid the giant floating ice cube by putting the rudder hard over and reversing the propellers, but the ship could not turn in time to avoid a collision.
Where Greta Thunberg sent the United Nations a clear message in December 2018, how much progress will have been made by the Parties. Wil we have a bigger rudder than the Titanic, or will planet earth crash and burn. Since the inception of the COP talks, there has been very little action and a lot of hot air.
All the while we have playground bullies like Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin, the world is in danger. Russia and the USA need to grow up and stop beating up the countries that cannot afford to defend themselves. Climate Criminals like these two super powers need to look long and hard at China, where they use coal for energy, but have agreed to a call to action and are building solar and wind farms like there is no tomorrow.
IS COP ?
- The United Nations Framework Convention (UNFCCC) is the international response to climate change. . It is a treaty that establishes the basic obligations of the 196 Parties (States) plus the European Union to combat climate change. It was signed at the Earth Summit in 1992 and came into force in 1994. Chile joined that year.
The only two criterias that Chile doesn’t have are: being an island or a landlocked country and countries of transit.
On the other hand, they have 8 years of a great drought that has affected 70% of their population; serious forest fires consuming more than 500 thousand hectares and destroying 17% of their native forest; Shocking floods have devastated entire cities such as Chañaral; Hailstorms in summer have strongly impacted the production of fruits such as blueberries, cherries, kiwis and table grapes in the sixth and seventh regions.
This reality does not admit double interpretation. Only a more determined climate action can change their destiny. Chile is a world reference for the seriousness and responsibility with which it assumes the commitments acquired.
In the last COP24, they delivered their 3rd Biennial Update Report on Climate Change that contains all their emissions inventory from 1990 to 2016. They were the first developing country to deliver this report and also to do so in the corresponding year (2018).
The presentation of this Report will allow them to not only to evaluate the effectiveness of the measures taken, but also is a fundamental pillar to define future climate change policies. This report is a clear and forceful reflection of Chile's commitment in terms of transparency and management of its emissions to move towards emissions neutrality, a key to sustainable development.
Highlights of their report:
1) In 2016, the balance of the Forestry sector captured 65 million tCO2eq, increasing its sink status (GHG collector) by 30.8% since 1990, but decreasing it by 8.9% since 2013 (mainly due to fires forestry).
2) Countries belonging to the OECD have an average of 9.2 tons of CO2 per person, while the global average of CO2 emissions per person is 4.4 tons. We see that the greater the development, the greater the GHG emissions. Our country surpasses that figure by very little, with 4.7 tons of CO2 per person. Therefore, we must strive to decouple, on the one hand, development, and on the other, the emission of greenhouse gases. That is our goal.
3) Regarding the intensity indicators of greenhouse gas emissions by gross domestic product, this was 0.93 tons of CO2 equivalent, decreasing by 10% since 2007.
The reduction of Chile's emissions indicator shows that the country has been able to generate growth without necessarily increasing its emissions equally. This reinforces the conviction of the government of President Piñera, that there is no real development, if this is not sustainable.
Between 2014 and 2018 we doubled the generation with renewable energies from 10% to 20%, fulfilling in advance the goal of generation with unconventional energies from 20% to 2025. The goal to the year 2050 is to have 70% of clean generation.
Chile firmly believes that the scientific approach is key to further progress and that accurate and transparent data is essential to achieve effective climate action.
2020 COP 26/CMP 16/CMA 5 TBA
SOLAR POWERED - Doing our bit to combat climate change, we are building an experimental rig aiming to put a larger version of the same concept on a coastal version of SeaVax from 2020 (subject to funding). The rig above is to be fitted to a Ford Transit roof in May of 2019 so that the experiment can be moved to other weather locations. This is another step in the direction of zero carbon shipping. Our experimental rig will track the sun and move arrays on either side of these fixed panels to increase the harvestable light energy. Copyright photograph © 22-04-19 Cleaner Ocean Foundation Ltd, all rights reserved.
The UNFCCC secretariat is located at two different locations.
LINKS & REFERENCE
NEGATIVE EVIDENCE - The UK Government have known about potential solutions for years, but steadfastly found reasons to refuse funding in favour of sustaining use of the internal combustion engine. A DEMOS application was equally time wasting for the engineers, who in the end gave up, but not until 1996 when a SMART AWARD application was also refused, in this case perhaps not so smart on the part of the policy makers. In 2020 there are renewed calls on this topic. Unfortunately, the engineers concerned are now concentrating on solar and wind energy for ocean transport. The lesson is clear, support your champions as that step up the the podium. Do not let businesses with existing technology to protect get into the chain to put the brakes on. That ruled out auto makers of course.
It is staggering that with cartridge exchange technology allowing recharging of EVs in less than a minute in 1996, and with a low cost service station design for load leveling on the drawing board, that the technology was passed over. In our view what that really means is that the Governments were not that bothered. Maybe it suited them to pursue dead ends to keep IC vehicles going for their influential political supporters. Who knows. For sure the level of apathy has sparked mass protests again in 2019.
Dti awards, Horizon 2020 and other initiatives are not designed to support the kind of ideas that solve social problems. Why? The policy writers are given an agenda by politicians who are in cahoots with oil companies and other cartels that do not want change. They want to keep on milking the system they have spent years lobbying for, no matter what harm they are doing to the environment. Yes, the truth hurts. Give us a better explanation and we'll publish that as well. In our view this series of letters underscores the need for politicians, policy makers to adhere to a strict code of practice with full transparency and accountability. This is just about transport, we have more information on councils and sustainable housing in the UK where they keep on building climate unfriendly units, so adding to the problem. In view of such examples, Extinction Rebellion and Greta Thunberg get out vote, where Greenpeace and the World Wildlife Fund are so laid back these days as lobbyists that they hardly contribute to the call for change.
From 1991 to 1998 an engineer from Sussex applied for grants for an instant refueling system for electric vehicles and service stations to support that technology. The politicians obviously thought they might not rock the boat as far as the fossil fuel gravy train was concerned. Especially during their term of office. All they had to do was keep saying the right things to collect their salaries and expenses. The next minister stepping into their role did the same, and so on. And that is why politicians cannot get things done where innovation is urgently required. This series of letters tends to prove this theory. The British Government knew all about instant refueling and EV service stations as long ago as 1991. Yet here we are with melting ice caps and polar bears in danger of extinction.
The opposition also knew about the technology, but failed to raise the issue in the House of Commons. Yet they had then and have now a duty to reduce global warming, as per the Climate Change Act 2008 that was eventually enacted - only without any plan as to how to achieve the stated objectives. This is an example of what was happening in the United Kingdom. One can imagine that something similar was happening in other G20 nations all over the world. The burning question is: for how much longer will our politicians prevaricate?
COMMONWEALTH - The same policies were being pursued all over the globe by Commonwealth countries that appeared to be either taking their steer from the UK or maybe it was just a general G20 agenda - for sure they were against batteries in electric cars - but history shows us that this was the way to go, now with battery electrics being prevalent, having ousted hydrogen and fuel cells that was at the time the favoured technology. That does not mean fuel cells and hydrogen might not one day make a come back. It just means that the energy efficiency cycle of battery EVs is better at this time.
SITTING ON THE FENCE - Even a State as progressive as California is seen here to be hedging their bets as to technology, holding out for a super battery instead of going for a future-proof solution that could support any kind of battery or even fuel cells. EV ranges remain low, but EVs are now performance machines begging for service stations in the absence of fast charge points. Indeed, there is no need for fast charging points with such a system. Meantime, the planet is roasting and species all over earth dying as our politicians fiddle and squabble. Sometimes you cannot afford to wait for a miracle when the obvious is staring you in the face.
COP THAT - The United Nations Climate Change Conferences are yearly conferences held in the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). They serve as the formal meeting of the UNFCCC Parties (Conference of the Parties, COP) to assess progress in dealing with climate change, and beginning in the mid-1990s, to negotiate the Kyoto Protocol to establish legally binding obligations for developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. From 2005 the Conferences have also served as the "Conference of the Parties Serving as the Meeting of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol" (CMP); also parties to the Convention that are not parties to the Protocol can participate in Protocol-related meetings as observers. From 2011 the meetings have also been used to negotiate the Paris Agreement as part of the Durban platform activities until its conclusion in 2015, which created a general path towards climate action. The first UN Climate Change Conference was held in 1995 in Berlin.
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