HUNGER, STARVATION & DEATH

 

ABOUT CONTACTS - FOUNDATION - HOME - A-Z INDEX

 

 

Eastbourne marine parade is an underused resource in terms of food security and blue growth

 

EASTBOURNE - An example of a beach that is no longer used by fishermen is Eastbourne where there is an extant Fisherman's Agreement, but where it appears that the present system is not working. These fishermen now work mainly from Sovereign Harbour where berthing fees add cost to fish and where waning fish supplies mean imports and aquaculture - making a nonsense of traditional values.

 

 

As food supplies fail to meet the demand for our increasing population what will we tell those who are dying of starvation ?

 

Will we tell them that it was pointless trying to provide for them and that the circular economy we are aiming for was just a dream ?

 

Will that alleviate their suffering before they pass away ?

 

Or, will we actually put in place a plan for a secure food future ?

 

If we really mean to provide food sustainably we need to address many issues to improve agriculture, where agriculture includes fisheries. We need to plan ahead and develop technology that at the moment we think that we may not need - because a miracle will save us - and everything will be alright.

 

What is likely to happen is that if we fail to prepare, then we should at least prepare for failure. In this case failure is starvation for millions.

 

If it is that "chance favours the prepared mind," we say that steps should be taken to repair our oceans. We must stop pouring waste into the sea and we must do something to regenerate the water that gives us life.

 

 

 

WHAT IS STARVATION ?

 

Starvation is a serious form of malnutrition characterized by a deficiency in nutrients, vitamins, and energy. People can experience this as a result of food deprivation or because of diseases. If the underlying cause is not corrected, starvation can lead to death. Historically, starvation has been a significant problem in many human cultures and it continues to be one today in some regions of the world. The diminishing returns from our fisheries is likely to lead to more suffering if we cannot boost production on land or with safer and sustainable aquaculture, to make up the difference.

 

People can experience starvation because of war, famine, and other social and political factors which make it difficult to access food. Disorders such as marasmus, in which people do not ingest enough energy sources, or kwashiorkor, in which there is a deficiency in protein, can develop into starvation. These conditions are common when food supplies are disrupted, forcing people to eat a diet which is not very diverse and may also be limited in terms of overall volume as well.

 

In the long term, starvation can cause stunted growth and organ damage as the body slowly turns to reserves of stored energy in the fat and muscles. Malnutrition in general also increases susceptibility to infection because the body's immune defenses are weakened. Ultimately, the patient will die of lack of food, an infection, or complications related to the nutritional deprivation.

 

 

 

 

DEFINITION - Starvation is the result of a severe or total lack of nutrients needed for the maintenance of life. Adequate nutrition has two components, necessary nutrients and energy in the form of calories. Although all foods are a source of energy for the human body, it is possible to consume a seemingly adequate amount of food without getting the required minimum of energy (calories). For example, marasmus is the result of a diet that is deficient mainly in energy. Children who get enough calories, but not enough protein have kwashiorkor. This is typical in cultures with a limited variety of foods that eat mostly a single staple carbohydrate like maize or rice. Causes and symptoms Starvation may result from a number of factors. They include: anorexia nervosa, coma, stroke, inability to obtain food, severe gastrointestinal disease. Characteristic symptoms of starvation include: shrinkage of such vital organs as the heart, lungs, ovaries, or testes, and gradual loss of their functions, chronic diarrhea, anemia, reduction in muscle mass and consequent weakness, etc.

 

 

STARVATION STATISTICS

 

According to estimates by the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization there were 925 million under - or malnourished people in the world in 2010. This was a decrease from an estimate of roughly 1 billion malnourished people in 2009. In 2007, 923 million people were reported as being undernourished, an increase of 80 million since 1990-92. It has also been recorded that the world already produces enough food to support the world's population.

 

Each year over 10 million children die of hunger related issues, disease and complications.

 

Each day about 30,000 children day.

 

It is so huge a problem, it has caused more victims that the atomic bombs dropped on both Hiroshima and Nagasaki together, in fact hunger and starvation cause similar numbers like dropping the bomb this size every 3-4 days in a bigger city.

The total number of people who die because of hunger related problems each year was more than 25 Million in 2010, according to a university research. About one-fourth of the total world population lives for under $1 per day.

As the definitions of starving and malnourished people are different, the number of starving people is different from that of malnourished. Generally, far fewer people are starving, than are malnourished.

The proportion of malnourished and of starving people in the world has been more or less continually decreasing for at least several centuries. This is due to an increasing supply of food and to overall gains in economic efficiency. In 40 years, the proportion of malnourished people in the developing world has been more than halved. The proportion of starving people has decreased even faster.

 

This trend is likely to reverse as world population grows and climate change kicks in to damage agricultural output. Completion for land for buildings is absorbing agricultural land where there is no mechanism to reserve greenbelt and some governments, such as in the UK, are encouraging building to bolster other economic deficiencies and create jobs.

 

 

 

THE STADE - The famous Sussex beach has a steep slope lead in that is ideal for launching, followed by a more gently inclined beach that is ideal for beaching. What is so fascinating about the boats here is the variety of designs all to tackle the awesome task of launching a medium weight vessel from the beach and then recovering it - as economically as possible. As part of our lighting feasibility study, this is the place to start, to see how hundreds of practical fisherman and marine engineers have risen to the challenge. Copyright May 29 2016, all rights reserved. You will need permission from Bluebird Marine Systems Ltd to reproduce this photograph.

 

 

MAIN BLUE GROWTH AREAS

 

 5.  Ocean Regeneration - cleaning our oceans to preserve the resource and cleanse the toxic food chain

 6.  Aquaculture - now generates around 50% of world produce, mostly subject to wild fish feed

 7.  Ocean Energy - offshore wind and wave energy for clean power

 8.  Biotechnology - Identifying, harvesting and producing medicines

 9.  Coastal Tourism - To engage the public in ocean matters and reduce air travel

10. Green Ships - Cargo and cruise ships that are cleaner, preferably zero carbon

 

 

 

 

 

LINKS & REFERENCE

 

How many people died 2012 die of hunger and starvation each day and year

medical-dictionary-the-freedictionary-starvation

FAO sustainability

http://www.howmanypeopledied.net/2012/04/how-many-people-die-of-hunger-and-starvation-each-day-and-each-year/

http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/starvation 

http://www.fao.org/sustainability/en/

 

 

 

 

 

   This website is provided on a free basis as a public information service. Copyright Cleaner Oceans Foundation Ltd (COFL) (Company No: 4674774) September 2017. Solar Studios, BN271RF, United Kingdom. COFL is a charity without share capital.

 

 

 

 

INTERNATIONAL FOOD SECURITY DEMANDS HEALTHIER OCEANS FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE WORLD