Please use our
navigate this site or return HOME
The Horn of Africa (HoA), also known as the Somali Peninsula, is a large peninsula and geopolitical region in East Africa. Located on the easternmost part of the African mainland, it is the fourth largest peninsula in the world. It is composed of Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia and Djibouti; broader definitions also include parts or all of Kenya, Sudan, South Sudan, and Uganda. The term Greater Horn Region (GHR) can additionally include Burundi , Rwanda, and
Tanzania (the cradle of life). It lies along the southern boundary of the
Red Sea and extends hundreds of kilometres into the Guardafui Channel, Gulf of Aden, and
Indian Ocean and shares a maritime border with the Arabian Peninsula of Western Asia.
The Horn of Africa is almost equidistant from the equator and the Tropic of Cancer. It consists chiefly of mountains uplifted through the formation of the Great Rift Valley, a fissure in the Earth's crust extending from Turkey to Mozambique and marking the separation of the African and Arabian tectonic plates. Mostly mountainous, the region arose through faults resulting from the Rift Valley.
Geologically, the Horn and Yemen once formed a single landmass around 18 million years ago, before the Gulf of Aden rifted and separated the Horn region from the Arabian Peninsula. The Somali Plate is bounded on the west by the East African Rift, which stretches south from the triple junction in the Afar Depression, and an undersea continuation of the rift extending southward offshore. The northern boundary is the Aden Ridge along the coast of Saudi Arabia. The eastern boundary is the Central Indian Ridge, the northern portion of which is also known as the Carlsberg Ridge. The southern boundary is the Southwest Indian Ridge.
Extensive glaciers once covered the Simien and Bale Mountains but melted at the beginning of the Holocene. The mountains descend in a huge escarpment to the Red Sea and more steadily to the
Ocean. Socotra is a small island in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Somalia. Its size is 3,600 km2 (1,390 sq mi) and it is a territory of Yemen.
The lowlands of the Horn are generally arid in spite of their proximity to the equator. This is because the winds of the tropical monsoons that give seasonal rains to the Sahel and the Sudan blow from the west. Consequently, they lose their moisture before reaching Djibouti and northern part of Somalia, with the result that most of the Horn receives little rainfall during the monsoon season.
AWARENESS CAMPAIGN - As
part of the Cleaner Ocean Foundation's ocean
literacy campaign, we are developing a game that can be
played on mobile devices like the iphone or android smart
phones. In this game children learn a little about geography
as they select one of five ocean areas to rid of marine
litter. The screen above shows that the player has selected
the Southern Ocean to tackle. Copyright Map © January 29 2018
all rights reserved COF
Ltd. Copyright Maps © January 29 2018
all rights reserved COF
BENGAL - BAY
BISCAY - BERING
CH - GOC
GUINEA - GULF
MEXICO - INDIAN
IRC - MEDITERRANEAN
SEA - PACIFIC
GULF - SEA
CHINA - PLASTIC
OCEANS - SEA
LEVEL RISE - UNCLOS
- BP DEEPWATER - CANCER
- DDT - FISHING NETS -
FUKUSHIMA - MICROBEADS
PLASTICS - OCEAN GYRES
- OCEAN WASTE -
PACKAGING - PCBS -
PET - PLASTIC
- POPS - SINGLE USE
website is provided on a free basis as a public information
service. copyright © Cleaner
Oceans Foundation Ltd (COFL) (Company No: 4674774)
Studios, BN271RF, United Kingdom.
is a charity without share capital. The names Amphimax™